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Announced by the European Commission yesterday, provisional steel safeguard measures went into effect today, covering 23 steel product categories.

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The measures were instituted in response to a challenge about which European leaders have frequently expressed concern: diverted steel as a result of the U.S.’s Section 232 steel tariff.

The provisional measures can only remain in place for a maximum of 200 days. After review, the European Commission will decide by early 2019 if permanent measures are needed.

“There are already indications that, as a consequence, steel suppliers have diverted some of their exports from the US to the EU,” the European Commission release states. “In order to avoid a sudden increase of imports that would cause further economic problems for EU steel producers – who are already suffering from global overcapacity – the Commission considers that provisional safeguard measures are necessary and justified.”

A 25% quota will be imposed on products from each of the 23 categories once imports have exceeded the previous three-year average.

Members of the European Economic Area (EEA) — including Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein — are exempted from the measures, in addition to “some developing countries with limited exports to the EU.”

E.U. Trade Commissioner Cecilia Malmström emphasized that the U.S.’s steel tariff has left Europe with no choice but to act.

“The US tariffs on steel products are causing trade diversion, which may result in serious harm to EU steelmakers and workers in this industry,” Malmström said in a prepared statement. “We are left with no other choice than to introduce provisional safeguard measures to protect our domestic industry against a surge of imports. These measures nevertheless ensure that the EU market remains open, and will maintain traditional trade flows.

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“I am convinced that they strike the right balance between the interest of EU producers and users of steel, like the automotive industry and the construction sector, who rely on imports. We will continue to monitor steel imports in order to take a final decision by early next year, at the latest.”

Axel Eggert, director general of the European Steel Association, offered praise for the institution of the safeguard measures.

“The Commission has received overwhelming support for this vital safeguard measure from both member states and business,” Eggert said in a prepared statement. “The measure will go someway to ensuring the continued stability of the internal market for steel and ensure that EU steel producers do not suffer extreme surges of imports of steel deflected away from the now constricted US market.”

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Aluminum firm Alcoa Corporation reported its second-quarter earnings Wednesday, with some numbers showing the impact of current market trends and forces.

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The Pittsburgh-based firm reported $3.6 billion in Q2 revenue and $904 in adjusted earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA). The firm’s Q2 EBITDA marked a 34% increase from Q1’s $653 million.

“Higher alumina and aluminum prices, as well as a stronger U.S. dollar, were the primary factors driving this sequential increase,” Alcoa’s Q2 earnings report states. “Somewhat offsetting these factors were unfavorable mix and higher costs for energy, raw materials, and maintenance activities.”

However, the firm downgraded its annual EBITDA forecast from $3.5 billion and $3.7 billion down to between $3.0 billion and $3.2 billion “due to current market prices and other factors.”

“Market pricing continued to be favorable in the second quarter and drove a 38 percent sequential increase in adjusted EBITDA excluding special items,” Alcoa President and CEO Roy Harvey said. “These market tailwinds also facilitated greater progress on our strategic priorities to reduce complexity in our Company, drive returns from our assets, and address pension liabilities to strengthen the balance sheet for the long-term.”

The firm attributed the lower forecast to “current market prices, tariffs on imported aluminum, increased energy costs, and some operational impacts.”

“While markets and trade dynamics are likely to remain fluid, we will continue to be focused on driving value for our stockholders through all market cycles,” Harvey added.

On the operations side, Alcoa reported that the third potline at its Warrick Operations in India will be restarted by the end of the year. Two of three potlines were restarted, and the third line due for a restart was shut down in May due to a power outage.

Alcoa estimates the restart of the third potline during the second half of the year to cost an estimated $5 million. In addition, once the partial restart schedule is completed at Warrick, the company estimates the smelter’s annual operating capacity will be 161,000 metric tons.

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Alcoa closed Wednesday at $47.96/share on the New York Stock Exchange. The stock’s 52-week high came on April 18 ($62.35), buoyed by the then still relatively new Section 232 tariff on aluminum (and steel).